Galacia (Galiza) is in northwest Spain, and descends from one of the first tribes of Celtic heritage in Europe. Beyond the sun and surf of the Spanish coast lie the same mysterious menhirs that dot the Irish countryside, and the region has its own collection of Celtic traditions that continue today – from ancient “pallozas” (stone huts believed to be Celtic) to pagan festivals and rituals. Its people are considered ‘Iberians Celts,’ as they live within the Iberian Peninsula.
More than a millennium ago, a Celtic tribe known as the Gallaeci settled in an area north of the Douro River. Other Celtic tribes recorded in these regions by the Romans were the Bracari, the Astures, the Cantabri, the Celtici, and the Celtiberi. The Old Kingdom of Gallaecie was created by the German’s arrival in 409 CE. In two years they removed the Roman Empire and unified the different Celtic tribes, creating the first (and oldest) kingdom of Europe, under Hermerico, marking the beginning of the fall of the Roman Empire.